Biosphere Fruit Trees
Orchard meadows are a characteristic part of our cultural landscape, however, during the last decades many fruit trees have disappeared from the landscape. The biosphere fruit tree campaign and other initiatives should help to revive meadow orchards in the district or to create new ones.
Biosphere Fruit Tree Campaign
Since 2015, the sponsoring association of the Berchtesgadener Land Biosphere Region e.V. has annually called for the Biosphere Fruit Tree Campaign. With the help of the state LNPR funding, interested parties are provided with various fruit trees along with planting material.
The following criteria, among others, must be met in order to receive funding:
- The planting area must be located outside of villages or cities – an exception are large orchards that characterize the village. It may not be used as a garden or fenced in with the exception of agricultural fences that are common in the area.
- Eligible are only suitable, traditional, and if possible, regional high trunk apple, pear, plum, sweet cherry, sour cherry and walnut trees.
- The distance between the trees must be sufficiently large, 10 to 12 meters for apple, pear, cherry trees, 6 to 8 meters for plum trees and 15 meters for walnut trees.
- Plantations of 5 trees or more are funded.
- The planting of fruit treees must make sense from a nature conservation point of view – exclusion factors are waterlogged or boggy soils and cold air sites.
- The planting work and subsequent care is the responsibility of the respective owner or tenant of the property.
- Planting must be done in a wire basket and protected against browsing by game.
- The measure must be voluntary; there can be no planting obligation, such as compensatory measures as part of a construction project.
- The property owner must sign a declaration of consent.
- There is an earmarking period of 5 years, during which the fruit trees must be permanently maintained and any trees that have failed must be replanted.
- During the earmarking period, other funding, e.g. through agri-environmental programs, is not possible.
The announcement of the start of the annual fruit tree campaign is made in the fall via local media. Distribution of the fruit trees takes place in the following spring.
If you are interested, you can contact Josef Stein, District Specialist Advisor for Horticulture and Landscape Management in the Berchtesgadener Land District Office at Josef.Stein@lra-bgl.de or Sabine Pinterits from the Biosphere Region Administration Office at Sabine.Pinterits@reg-ob.bayern.de.
You have fruit trees, but no time to collect the fruit yourself? Or are you looking for fruit for your own processing? Since September 2022, the orchard exchange has been bringing together supply and demand for fruit in the Berchtesgadener Land region. It is also possible to request support for the care of fruit trees. Please feel free to take a look, participation is free of charge!
Preserving old varieties
In 2015, the “Apfel.Birne.Berge” (Apple.Pear.Mountains) project was launched in 6 Upper Bavarian districts with the mission to preserve old varieties of apples and pears. 130 different old apple and more than 30 pear varieties were discovered and identified in the course of the project. Selected varieties are now to be propagated in conservation gardens and later replanted in the orchards of Berchtesgadener Land.